RUT955 Hotspot

Main Page > RUT Routers > RUT955 > RUT955 Manual > RUT955 WebUI > RUT955 Services section > RUT955 Hotspot

The information in this page is updated in accordance with firmware version RUT9_R_00.07.06.11.
Note: click here for the old style WebUI (FW version RUT9XX_R_00.06.09.5 and earlier) user manual page.

Summary

On Teltonika Networks devices a Hotspot is a service that provides authentication, authorization and accounting for a network. This chapter is an overview of the Hotspot section for RUT955 devices.

Note: Hotspot is additional software that can be installed from the System → Package Manager page.

General

Hotspot Instances


The Hotspot Instances section displays the main parameters of your Hotspot. By default, a Hotspot instance does not exist on the device. To create a new instance and begin configuration:

  1. select an 'Interface';
  2. click the 'Add' button;

Networking rutos manual hotspot hotspot instances add button edit buton wifi 1.png

After this, a new Hotspot configuration window will appear.

General Settings


The General Settings window is where most of the Hotspot configuration takes place. Look to the sub-sections below for information on configuration fields found in the General Settings sections.

General

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Field Value Description
Configuration profile Cloud4wi | Default | Hotspotsystems | Purple portal; default: Default Pre-configures Hotspot settings according to the selected service provider.
Enable off | on; default: on Turns the Hotspot instance on or off.
Hotspot Network ip/netmask; default: 192.168.2.0/24 IP address and subnet of the Hotspot network.
IP Address ip; default: 192.168.2.254 Defines the IP address of your Hotspot router in network.
Authentication mode Radius | Local user | SMS OTP |MAC auth ; default: Local users Authentication mode defines how users will connect to the Hotspot.
Allow signup off | on; default: off Allows users to sign up to hotspot via landing page.
Expiration time integer; default: 0 User credential expiration time. Applies to users who signed up via landing page.
Users group user group; default: default The user group to which users signed up via landing page should be assigned to.
Landing Page Internal | External; default: Internal If external Landing Page is chosen, new section, to enter website address, will appear, e.g., http://www.example.com
UAM Port integer; default: 3990 Port to bind for authenticating clients.
UAM Secret string; default: none Shared secret between uamserver and hotspot.
Success page Success Page | Original URL | Custom; default: Success page Location to return to after successful authentication.
Advanced

Networking rutos manual hotspot general hotspot instances general settings advanced.png

Field Value Description
Additional interfaces Available interfaces; default: none Shows additional interfaces that can be attached to hotspot instance.
Logout address ip; default: 1.0.0.0 An address that can be used by users to logout from the Hotspot session.
Protocol HTTP | HTTPS; default: HTTP Protocol to be used for landing page.
Enable TOS off | on; default: off Enables Terms of Service (ToS) requirement. Client device will be able to access the Internet only after agreeing ToS.
Trial access off | on; default: off Enables trial internet access for a specific group.
Trial access: Group User group; default: default Group of trial users.
HTTPS to landing page redirect off | on; default: off Redirect initial pre-landing page HTTPS requests to hotspot landing page.
Certificate files from device off | on; default: off Specified whether to upload key & certificate files from computer or to use files generated on this device via the System → Administration → Certificates page.
SSL key file key file; default: none Upload/select SSL key.
SSL certificate file certificate file; default: none Upload/select SSL certificate.
DNS server 1 ip; default: 8.8.8.8 Additional DNS servers that are to be used by the Hotspot.
DNS server 2 ip; default: 8.8.4.4 Additional DNS servers that are to be used by the Hotspot.
Radius

Radius authentication mode uses an external RADIUS server, to which you have to provide an address to, instead of using the router's Local Authentication. If you are using Local authentication, this section is not visible.

Networking rutos manual hotspot general hotspot instances general settings radius.png

Field Value Description
RADIUS server #1 ip; default: none The IP address of the RADIUS server #1 that is to be used for Authenticating your wireless clients.
RADIUS server #2 ip; default: none The IP address of the RADIUS server #2 that is to be used for Authenticating your wireless clients.
Authentication port integer [0..65535]; default: 1812 RADIUS server authentication port.
Accounting port integer [0..65535]; default: 1813 RADIUS server accounting port.
NAS identifier string; default: none NAS-Identifier is one of the basic RADIUS attributes.
Radius secret key string; default: none The secret key is a password used for authentication with the RADIUS server.
Swap octets off | on; default: off Swaps the meaning of input octets and output as it relates to RADIUS attributes.
Location name string; default: none Custom location name for your Hotspot.
Location ID string; default: none Custom location ID for your Hotspot.
Walled Garden

You can add a list of addresses that users connected to the Hotspot will be able to reach without any authentication. By default this list is empty. Simply write addresses into the Address List.

Format of address is website.com (does not include https://www).

Networking rutos manual hotspot general hotspot instances general settings walled garden.png

URL Parameters

The URL parameters section becomes visible when Landing page is selected as External in General settings section.

Networking rutos manual hotspot general hotspot instances general settings urlparams.png

Field Value Description
UAM IP string; default: none The IP Address of the Captive Portal gateway.
UAM port string; default: none The port on which the Captive Portal will serve web content.
Called string; default: none The MAC address of the IP Address of the Captive Portal gateway.
MAC string; default: none The MAC address of the client trying to gain Internet access.
NAS id string; default: none An identification for the Captive Portal used in the RADIUS request.
Session id string; default: none The unique identifer for session.
User url string; default: none The URL which the user tried to access before he were redirected to the Captive Portal's URL's pages.
Challenge string; default: none A challenge that should be used together with the user's password to create an encrypted phrase used to log on.
Custom 1 string; default: none Add custom name and custom value which will be displayed in url parameters.
- SSID | Hostname | FW version | --Custom--; default: SSID -
Custom 2 string; default: none Add custom name and custom value which will be displayed in url parameters.
- SSID | Hostname | FW version | --Custom--; default: SSID -
User Scripts

In this section you can add custom Scripts that will be executed after a session is authorized in the Session up section, after session has moved from authorized state to unauthorized in the Session down section and after a new user has been signed up in the User signup section.

Networking rutos manual hotspot general hotspot instances general settings user scripts.png

Local Users

The Local Users section is used to create and manage users that can connect to the Hotspot. The elements comprising the Local Users page are explained in the list and figure below.

  1. Entering a Username, Password and clicking the 'Add' button creates a new user.
  2. The 'Group' dropdown menu assigns a user to another group.
  3. The 'Edit' button lets you change a user's password or assign the user to another group.
  4. The 'Delete[X]' button deletes a user.

Networking rutos manual hotspot local users add button edit button.png

Landing Page

This section is used to define how your Hotspot's Landing Page will look like to connecting users.

General Settings


General Settings section lets you choose the authentication protocol and theme that will be used in the Landing Page. You can download more themes using the Package Manager

Networking rutos manual hotspot landing page general settings v1.png

Themes


The Themes section displays all available Landing Page themes. In order to download a theme, click the 'Download' button, in order to edit a theme, click the 'Edit' button next to it.

Networking rutos manual hotspot landing page themes download edit button.png

Images


The Images section allows you to upload custom images to different objects.

Networking rutos manual hotspot landing page themes images.png

Style Settings


Pressing edit button Networking rutx manual edit button v1.png next to style settings lets you edit how your landing page will look visually using CSS syntax.

Networking rutos manual hotspot landing page themes style settings.png

View Settings


In View Settings you can access and modify default templates for various parts of landing page and edit their HTML code.

Networking rutos manual hotspot landing page themes view settings.png

Custom Theme


To use custom theme you can download default theme and edit it's content. Then use upload button to upload it.

Networking rutos manual hotspot landing page themes upload custom v1.png

User Groups

User Groups provides the possibility to set different connection limits for different users. A group called 'default' is already created and does not have any limitations set by default. You can

  1. create a new group by entering a custom Name and clicking 'Add'
  2. or configure the existing rule by clicking the 'Edit' button next to it.

Networking rutos manual hotspot user groups edit button.png

A group's settings page will look similar to this:

Networking rutos manual hotspot user groups group default settings v2.png

Field Value Description
Idle timeout integer; default: none A timeout in seconds after which idle users are automatically disconnected from the Hotspot. (0 means unlimited.)
Time limit integer; default: none Disables hotspot user after time limit in sec is reached. (0, meaning unlimited)
Download bandwidth integer; default: none Maximum download bandwidth that the users assigned to this template can achieve. Bandwidth can be specified in Mbit/s.
Upload bandwidth integer; default: none Maximum upload bandwidth that the users assigned to this template can achieve. Bandwidth can be specified in Mbit/s.
Download limit integer; default: none A received data limit that the users assigned to this template can reach. After the data limit is reached, the user will lose data connection. Download limit is specified in MB.
Upload limit integer; default: none A sent data limit that the users assigned to this template can reach. After the data limit is reached, the user will lose data connection. Upload limit is specified in MB.
Warning integer; default: none Send an SMS warning to hotspot user after warning value of download or upload data in MB is reached. Only works with SMS OTP authentication.
Period Month | Week | Day; default: Month The beginning of the period during which the restriction specified in this section will apply. After the period is over, all specified limits are reset.
Start day integer [1..31] | Monday..Sunday | integer [1..24]; default: 1 Choices changes depending on what 'Period' was chosen. Specifies which day of the month, week or hour of the day the limits will be reset.

User Management

The Current Hotspot Users tab displays the status and session statistics of currently logged in users. You can also "kick" (deauthenticate) a user by clicking the 'Logout' button next to it.

Networking rutos manual hotspot user management current hotspot users.png


The Registered Hotspot Users tab displays the data of unique users that have registered to the hotspot before.

Networking rutos manual hotspot user management registered hotspot users.png

Hotspot 2.0

The Hotspot 2.0 displays available WiFi interfaces. In order to begin configuring an interface click the 'Edit' button next to it:

Networking rutos manual hotspot 2.0 interfaces edit button wifi v3 1.png

After this you should be redirected to the configuration page for that interface.

Hotspot 2.0 Configuration


The main configuration parameters of a Hotspot 2.0 interface will be discussed in this section.

A Hotspot 2.0 interface requires WPA2-EAP encryption. You can configure it in the Network → Wireless page (click 'Edit' next to an interface and find the Wireless Security section).

Networking rutos manual hotspot 2.0 wpa2-eap setup.png

General Setup


Networking rutos manual hotspot 2.0 general setup.png

Field Value Description
Enable off | on; default: off Turns Hotspot 2.0 for this interface on or off.
Internet access off | on; default: off Is used to inform the client device whether internet access is available.
Access Network Type Private network | Private network with guest access | Chargeable public network | Free public network | Personal device network | Emergency services only network | Test or experimental; default: Private network The access network type present in beacon and probe response frames. Mobile devices can use this information when selecting a hotspot.
HESSID mac; default: none Homogeneous ESS identifier (optional). This shall be identical to one of the BSSIDs in the homogeneous ESS.
Roaming consortium OI 3 or 5 octet hexstring; default: none Only first three entries are available through Beacon and Probe Response frames.
Network authentication type Not configured | Acceptance of terms and conditions | On-line enrollment supported | http/https redirection | DNS redirection; default: Not configured Type of authentication used on this network.
IP Address type availability Address type not available | Public IPv1 address available | Port restricted IPv4 address available | Single NATed IPv4 address available | Double NATed IPv4 address available | Port restricted IPv4 address and single NATed IPv4 address available | Port restricted IPv4 address and double NATed IPv4 address available | Availability of the address type is not known; default: Availability of the address type is not known Provides information about the IP address version and type that would be available to a mobile device after it authenticates to the network.
Domain name domain name; default: none The Domain Name ANQP-element provides a list of one or more domain names of the entity operating the hotspot network.
Venue group various; default: Unspecified Describes the venue in which the hotspot is located.
Venue type various; default: Unspecified Describes the venue in which the hotspot is located.

OSU Provider


Networking rutos manual hotspot 2.0 osu provider v2.png

Field Value Description
OSU ssid string; default: none Informs client devices about the SSID used for OSU connections.
OSU server URL url; default: none Is used to inform the client device whether internet access is available.
Name language code string; default: none Two or three character language code (ISO-639).
OSU friendly name string; default: none User-friendly name of an OSU service provider.
OSU NAI string; default: none OSU network access identifier.
OSU method list OMA-DM | SOAP-XML; default: none Configures the supported OSU method(s) of the OSU provider.
Description language code string; default: none Two or three character language code (ISO-639).
Description string; default: none OSU service description.

WAN Metrics


Networking rutos manual hotspot 2.0 wan metrics.png

Field Value Description
Link Status Link up | Link Down; default: Link up Provides information about the WAN link that connects the hotspot to the Internet.
Downlink Speed integer [1..4294967295]; default: none Maximum downlink speed in Kbps.
Uplink Speed integer [1..4294967295]; default: none Maximum uplink speed in Kbps.

Venue Name Information


The Venue Name Information is used to configure one or more Venue Name values for Venue Name ANQP information. To add a new Venue configuration, click the 'Add' button.

Networking rutos manual hotspot 2.0 venue name information add button.png

You should see a new entry appear in the Venue Name Information list.

Networking rutos manual hotspot 2.0 venue name information.png

Field Value Description
Language Code string; default: none Two or three character language code (ISO-639).
Venue Name string; default: none Name of this venue.
Venue URL Information url; default: none Venue URL to provide additional information corresponding to Venue Name information (the URL should contain protocol).

3GPP Cellular Network Information


The 3GPP Cellular Network Information section is used to uniquely identify mobile network operators. To add a new mobile operator instance, click the 'Add' button.

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You should see a new entry appear in the 3GPP Cellular Network Information list.

Networking rutos manual hotspot 2.0 3gpp cellular network information.png

Field Value Description
Mobile Country Code integer; default: none Mobile country code (3 decimal digits).
Mobile Network Code integer; default: none Mobile network code (2 or 3 decimal digits).

Network Access Identifier (NAI) Realm Information


The Network Access Identifier (NAI) Realm Information parameters provide information for stations using interworking network selection to allow automatic connection to a network based on credentials. To add a new NAI Realm Information configuration, click the 'Add' button.

Networking rutos manual hotspot 2.0 network access identifier nai realm information add button.png

You should see a new entry appear in the Network Access Identifier (NAI) Realm Information list.

Networking rutos manual hotspot 2.0 network access identifier nai realm information.png

Field Value Description
NAI Realm url; default: Link up The NAI Realm provides a list of NAI realms corresponding to the Home SPs that can authenticate a client device.
EAP Method EAP-TLS | EAP-TTLS | PEAP | EAP-FAST; default: Undefined Identifies the EAP method supported by that NAI realm for authentication.
Authentication Parameter Undefined | Non EAP PAP | Non EAP CHAP | Non EAP MSCHAP | Non EAP MSCHAPV2 | Credential certificate | Credential username/password; default: Undefined EAP method authentication parameter.

Operator Friendly Name


The client device may obtain the Operator Friendly Name via GAS/ANQP queries to assist the user during manual hotspot selection. To add a new Operator Friendly Name configuration, click the 'Add' button.

Networking rutos manual hotspot 2.0 operator friendly name add button.png

You should see a new entry appear in the Operator Friendly Name list.

Networking rutos manual hotspot 2.0 operator friendly name.png

Field Value Description
Language Code string; default: Link up Two or three character language code (ISO-639).
Operator's Name string; default: none Provides a friendly name for the Hotspot Operator.

Connection Capability


The Connection Capability section provides information on the status of commonly used communication protocols and ports. To add a new protocol/port configuration, click the 'Add' button.

Networking rutos manual hotspot 2.0 connection capability add button.png

You should see a new entry appear in the Connection Capability list.

Networking rutos manual hotspot 2.0 connection capability.png

Field Value Description
Protocol ICMP | TCP | UDP; default: ICMP Network protocol type.
Port Number integer [0..65535]; default: none TCP/UDP port number.
Status Closed | Open | Unknown; default: Closed Status to be displayed for the selected protocol/port combination.