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Main Page > RUTX Routers > RUTX09 > RUTX09 Manual > RUTX09 WebUI > RUTX09 WAN

Contents

SummaryEdit

A wide area network (WAN) is a telecommunications network or computer network that extends over a large geographical distance. For example, the Internet is a wide are network. This chapter is an overview of RUTX09 routers' WAN section.

The information in this page is updated in accordance with the RUTX_R_00.02.00.2 firmware version.

WANEdit

The WAN window lets you determine how the router will be connecting to the internet. You can chose between Two types of WAN – Wired and Mobile. You can also setup backup WAN options in case your main connection goes down. The way to do that is described in Failover section of manual

 

You can choose yours main WAN interface and to turn off or on interfaces that you want to be operating at the time. To choose your main WAN just click and drag it to the top of the list with your mouse. You can create new interfaces, add variations with different settings for same interface, at Add WAN Interface section. To configure a WAN interface more in depth, click the   Edit button located to the right of the desired interface. Each interface configures separately.

WAN ConfigurationEdit

The WAN Configuration section is used to configure different protocols for WAN interfaces.

DHCP clientEdit


The DHCP protocol should be used when the source of your internet has a DHCP server enabled. If that is the case, when you select the DHCP protocol you can use it as is, because most networks will not require any additional advanced configuration.

General SetupEdit


 

field name value description
Protocol Static | DHCP | PPPoE; Default: DHCP The protocol used by the WAN interface
Hostname to send when requesting DHCP ip | hostname; Default: router's hostname Host name to which the DHCP request will be sent to

Advanced SettingsEdit


For the DHCP protocol you can specify custom DNS servers, define the gateway metric, override router’s Wired WAN MAC address, set MTU and more.

 

field name value description
Force Link off | on; Default: off Set interface properties regardless of the link carrier (If set, carrier sense events do not invoke hotplug handlers).
Use builtin IPv6-management off | on; Default: on Disable or enable built in IPv6-management
Use broadcast flag off | on; Default: off Required for certain ISPs (Internet Service Providers), e.g. Charter with DOCSIS 3
Use default gateway off | no; Default: on Uses the default gateway obtained through DHCP. If left unchecked, no default route is configured
Use DNS servers advertised by peer off | no; Default: on Uses DNS servers obtained from DHCP. If left unchecked, the advertised DNS server addresses are ignored
Use gateway metric ip; Default: 0 The WAN configuration by default generates a routing table entry. In this field you can alter the metric of that entry. Higher metric means higher priority
Client ID to send when requesting DHCP string; Default: " " Client ID which will be sent when requesting a DHCP lease
Vendor class to send when requesting DHCP string; Default: " " Vendor class which will be sent when requesting a DHCP lease
Override MAC address mac; Default: " " Override MAC address of the WAN interface. For example, your ISP (Internet Service Provider) gives you a static IP address and it might also bind it to your computers MAC address (i.e., that IP will only work with your computer but not with your router). In this field you can enter your computer’s MAC address and fool the gateway in to thinking that it is communicating with your computer
Override MTU integer [0..1500]; Default: " " Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) – specifies the largest possible size of a data packet


Static addressEdit


The Static protocol is used when the source of your internet doesn’t have a DHCP server enabled. Therefore, in order to connect to the internet, you have to make configurations in accordance to that source.

General SetupEdit


 

field name value description
Protocol Static | DHCP | PPPoE; Default: DHCP The protocol used by the WAN interface
IPv4 address ip; Default: " " Your router’s address on the WAN network
IPv4 netmask ip; Default: " " Netmask defines how "large" a network is
IPv4 gateway ip; Default: " " The address where the router will send all the outgoing traffic
IPv4 broadcast ip; Default: " " IP broadcasts are used by BOOTP and DHCP clients to find and send requests to their respective servers
Use custom DNS servers ip; Default: " " When the router needs to resolve a hostname (“www.google.com”, “www.cnn.com”, etc.) to an IP address, it will forward all the DNS requests to the gateway. By entering custom DNS servers the router will take care of the host name resolution. You can enter multiple DNS servers to provide redundancy in case one of the servers fails

Advanced settingsEdit


The Advanced Settings tab will change in accordance to which network protocol is selected. For the Static protocol you can turn NAT on or off, override the router’s MAC address, MTU and define the gateway's metric.

 

field name value description
Force Link off | on; Default: on Set interface properties regardless of the link carrier (If set, carrier sense events do not invoke hotplug handlers).
Use builtin IPv6-management off | on; Default: on Disable or enable built in IPv6-management
Override MAC address mac; Default: " " Override MAC address of the WAN interface. For example, your ISP (Internet Service Provider) gives you a static IP address and it might also bind it to your computers MAC address (i.e., that IP will only work with your computer but not with your router). In this field you can enter your computer’s MAC address and fool the gateway in to thinking that it is communicating with your computer
Override MTU integer [0..1500]; Default: " " Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) – specifies the largest possible size of a data packet
Use gateway metric integer; Default: 0 The WAN configuration by default generates a routing table entry. In this field you can alter the metric of that entry. Higher metric means higher priority
IPv6 assignment length 64 | disabled | custom; Default: disabled Assign a part of given length of every public IPv6-prefix to this interface
IPv6 Address ip; Default: " " Assigns an IPv6 address for this interface. CIDR notation: address/prefix
IPv6 Gateway ip; Default: " " Assigns a default IPv6 gateway for this interface. CIDR notation: address/prefix
IPv6 Routed Prefix integer [0...128]; Default: " " Public prefix routed to this device for distribution to clients.
IPv6 Suffix eui64 | random | fixed value like ::1 or ::1:2; Default: " " Set Optional. When IPv6 prefix (like 'a:b:c:d::') is received from a delegating server, use the suffix (like '::1') to form the IPv6 address ('a:b:c:d::1') for the interface.

PPPoEEdit


The PPPoE protocol is mainly used if you have a DSL internet provider.

General SetupEdit


The General configuration tab for the PPPoE protocol is mainly used to specify your PAP/CHAP login information, but you can also configure some additional, more specific settings.

 

field name value description
Protocol Static | DHCP | PPPoE; Default: DHCP The protocol used by the WAN interface
PAP/CHAP username string; Default: " " The username that you use to connect to your carrier’s network
PAP/CHAP password string; Default: " " he password that you use to connect to your carrier’s network
Access concentrator string; Default: " " The name of the access concentrator. Leave empty to auto detect
Service name string; Default: " " The name of the service. Leave empty to auto detect

Advanced SettingsEdit


For the PPPoE protocol you can turn NAT on or off, specify custom DNS servers, define the gateway metric, configure LCP echo settings and more.

 

field name value description
Force Link off | on; Default: off Set interface properties regardless of the link carrier (If set, carrier sense events do not invoke hotplug handlers).
Use builtin IPv6-management off | on; Default: on Disable or enable built in IPv6-management
Obtain IPv6-Address Automatic | Disabled | Manual; Default: Automatic Disable or enable built in IPv6-management
Use default gateway off | on; Default: on Uses the default gateway obtained through DHCP. If left unchecked, no default route is configured
Use gateway metric integer; Default: 0 The WAN configuration by default generates a routing table entry. In this field you can alter the metric of that entry. Higher metric means higher priority
Use DNS servers advertised by peer off | on; Default: on Uses DNS servers obtained from DHCP. If left unchecked, the advertised DNS server addresses are ignored
LCP echo failure threshold integer; Default: " " Presumes peer to be dead after given amount of LCP echo failures. Leave it at 0 to ignore failures
LCP echo interval integer; Default: " " Sends LCP echo requests at the given interval in seconds. This function is only effective in conjunction with failure threshold
Host-Uniq tag content Raw hex-encoded bytes; Default: " " . Leave empty unless your ISP require this
Inactivity timeout integer; Default: " " Close inactive connection after the given amount of seconds. Leave it at 0 to persist connection
Override MTU integer [0..1500]; Default: " " Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) – specifies the largest possible size of a data packet

Mobile WAN ConfigurationEdit

The General section is used to configure the SIM card parameters that define how the router establishes a cellular connection.

Mobile ConfigurationEdit


The Mobile Configuration section is used to configure main SIM card parameters. Refer to the figure and table below for information on the fields contained in that section.

 

Field Value Description
Mode NAT | Bridge *; default: NAT Mobile connection operating mode.
  • NAT - the mobile connection uses NAT (network address translation).
  • Bridge - bridges the LTE data connection with LAN. In this mode the router relay the IP address received from the ISP to another LAN device (e.g., computer). Using Bridge mode will disable most of the router’s capabilities and you will only be able to access your router's WebUI with a static IP configuration.
Auto APN off | on; default: on Auto APN scans an internal Android APN database and selects an APN based on the SIM card's operator and country. If the first automatically selected APN doesn't work, it attempts to use the next existing APN from the database.
APN string; default: none An Access Point Name (APN) is a gateway between a GSM, GPRS, 3G or 4G mobile network and another computer network. Depending on the contract, some operators may require you to use an APN just to complete the registration on a network. In other cases, APN is used to get special parameters from the operator (e.g., a public IP address) depending on the contract.
An APN Network Identifier cannot start with any of the following strings:
  • rac;
  • lac;
  • sgsn;
  • rnc;
it cannot end in:
  • .gprs;
and it cannot contain the asterisk symbol (*).
Authentication Type CHAP | PAP | None; default: None Authentication method that your GSM carrier uses to authenticate new connections on its network. If you select PAP or CHAP, you will also be required to enter a username and password.
Username string; default: None Your username that you would use to connect to your GSM carrier's network. Needed when PAP or CHAP authentication type is chosen.
Password string; default: None Your password that you would use to connect to your GSM carrier's network. Needed when PAP or CHAP authentication type is chosen.
MAC Address mac; default: none Specifies the MAC address of the device that will work with the router in Bridge mode, i.e., the device whose MAC is specified in this field will be assigned the router's Mobile WAN IP address.

* more on Bridge mode in next section of this page.

Bridge modeEdit


In Bridge mode the router assigns its WAN IP address to another device. It is used instead of Network Address Translation (NAT) in order to make the router "transparent" in the communication process. Bridge mode disables most of router features and simply gives single specified device its WAN IP address.

To begin configuring Bridge mode, make sure that WAN failover is turned off in Network → Failover page and mobile is set as main WAN in the Network → WAN page. Then in the Network → WAN → Mobile Configuration page select Mode: Bridge in the mobile configuration section. You will then see an additional configuration field for entering a MAC address appear.

Important: using Bridge mode will disable most of the router’s other capabilities.

If you have configured Bridge mode and can no longer reach your router, you'll need to set up a Static IP address on your PC in order to do so. If you don't know how to set up a Static IP, you can use one of our "how to" guide on this subject:

Advanced SettingsEdit


Advanced Settings section for mobile WAN configuration contains controls for interface startup on boot and usage of IPv6 protocol.

 

Field Value Description
Force Link off | on; Default: off Set interface properties regardless of the link carrier (If set, carrier sense events do not invoke hotplug handlers).
Use builtin IPv6-management off | on; Default: on Disable or enable built in IPv6-management
Enable IPv6 negotiation off | on; Default: off Disable or enable IPv6 negotiation with Mobile provider



SIM Card SettingsEdit


SIM Card Settings lets you set main SIM card usage parameters for connection with Mobile service provider. In SMS Settings you can set how many messages can be sent in chosen period of time, before disabling messaging, and clear SMS limit if there is a need for that.

General SettingsEdit


General Settings section provides you with the possibility to specify which SIM card slot is Default one, turn data roaming on or off, choose Service mode, enter SIM card PIN number and choose network bands that will be used.

 

Field Value Description
Default SIM off | on; default: on Makes SIM used in the interface default SIM card. Both interfaces cannot have SIM set to default, if you will attempt to set another SIM as default another one will automatically switch off
Deny data roaming off | on; default: off Deny data on connection to roaming
Sevice mode Auto | 4G (LTE) only | 3G only; default: Auto Your network's preference. If your local mobile network supports UMTS (3G) or LTE (4G) you can specify to which network you prefer to connect to
PIN string; default: none SIM card's PIN (Personal Identification Number) is a secret numeric password shared between a user and a system that can be used to authenticate the user
Band selection Auto | Manual; default: Auto The network frequency bands section provides the possibility to manually choose which frequency band the router's module should use for the cellular connection. Select Manual connection method and check the bands that you want the module to use. If all bands are unchecked, the band that provides the best connectivity will be used.

Available network frequency bands may differ based on router modem module. More information about router module supported network frequency bands: https://www.quectel.com/product/EG06.htm Information about router's modem module can be found by going to Status → RUTX09 System page and checking FW Version field. Usually first 5-7 characters show modem module series code. For example:

 

SMS SettingsEdit


SMS Settings section is used to configure custom SMS limits for your SIM card(s). In order to limit sent SMS messages, Enable SMS Limit and configure the limit conditions. For related information, refer to the figure and table below.

 

Field Value Description
Enable SMS Limit* off | on; default: off Turns automatic SIM Switching on or off.
SMS Limit Count integer; default: none Disables SMS sending after limit value is reached.
Period Day | Week | Month; default: Day Period for which SMS limiting should apply.

Clear SMS Limit resets SMS Limit count, so router would be able to send SMS again after reaching limit, when you do not want to remove configuration, but need router to be able to send SMS messages again.

SIM SwitchEdit


The SIM switching section is used to enable automatic SIM switching. Refer to the figure and table below for more information.

 

Field Value Description
Enable automatic switching off | on; default: off Automatically switch between primary and secondary SIM cards based on the various rules and criterions defined below. Until it is turned on other settings will not appear.
On weak signal off | on; default: off Performs a SIM switch when signal strength value (RSSI in dBm) falls below a specified threshold. When this field is checked you will see an additional field for entering the minimum signal strength value appear.
On data limit off | on; default: off Performs a SIM card switch when mobile data limit for your current SIM card is exceeded. Make sure you have enabled mobile data limit on the interface of this SIM card.
On SMS limit off | on; default: off Performs a SIM card switch when sent sms limit for your current SIM card is exceeded.Make sure you have enabled SMS limit on this simcard.
On roaming off | on; default: off Performs a SIM card switch when roaming is detected.
No network off | on; default: off Performs a SIM card switch when network isn't detected.
On network denied off | on; default: off Performs a SIM card switch when network is denied.
On data connection fail off | on; default: off Performs a SIM switch when the router does receive an LCP or ICMP echo from a specified host address

Mobile Data LimitEdit


The Mobile Data Limit page provides you with the possibility to set data usage limits for your SIM cards and data usage warnings via SMS message in order to protect yourself from unwanted data charges.

Data Connection Limit ConfigurationEdit


The Data Connection Limit Configuration section is used to configure custom mobile data limits for your SIM card(s). When the mobile data limit set for the SIM card(s) is reached, the router will no longer use the mobile connection to establish a data connection until the limit period is over or the limit is reset by the user.

 

Field Value Description
Enable data connection limit off | on; default: off Turns mobile data limitations on or off.
Data limit* (MB) integer; default: none The amount of data that is allowed to be downloaded over the specified period of time. When the limit is reached, the router will no longer be able to establish a data connection until the period is over or the data limit is reset.
Note: after the router has reached the data limit it will not switch to using the secondary SIM card. If you wish to configure a SIM switch system based on received data limit.
Period Day | Week | Month; default: Day Data limit period after which the data counter is reset on the specified Start day.
Enable SMS warning off | on; default: off Toggles SMS warning On or OFF
Data limit* (MB) integer; default: none The received data limit before sending an SMS warning. After reaching using the amount of data specified in this field, the router will send an SMS warning message to the specified phone number.
Phone number phone number; default: none Recipient's phone numbers

Clear Data Limit Ressets data limit, and lets router to establish connection again, without removing data limit configuration.

*Your carrier's data usage accounting may differ. Teltonika is not liable should any accounting discrepancies occur.