Simulate Modbus serial communication RutOS

From Teltonika Networks Wiki
Main Page > General Information > Configuration Examples > Modbus > Simulate Modbus serial communication RutOS


Modbus is a serial communications protocol originally published by Modicon (now Schneider Electric) in 1979 for use with its programmable logic controllers (PLCs). Modbus has become a de facto standard communication protocol and is now a commonly available means of connecting industrial electronic devices. The main reasons for the use of Modbus in the industrial environment are:

  • developed with industrial applications in mind;
  • openly published and royalty-free;
  • easy to deploy and maintain;
  • moves raw bits or words without placing many restrictions on vendors.

Modbus enables communication among many devices connected to the same network, for example, a system that measures temperature and humidity and communicates the results to a computer. Modbus is often used to connect a supervisory computer with a remote terminal unit (RTU) in supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems. Many of the data types are named from its use in driving relays: a single-bit physical output is called a coil, and a single-bit physical input is called a discrete input or a contact.

This article provides a brief example on how to use Modbus serial to monitor a slave device, send data to server and how to configure slave alarms. To find more information about this feature visit RUT955 Modbus and RUT955 RS232/RS485 pages.


  • One device with RS232
  • Windows 10 computer
  • Hercules and modRSsim applications
  • RS232 to USB cable


Networking rut955 configuration modbus serial topology 2 v1.png


Open device's WebUI, navigate to Services->Package manager->Packages and search for Modbus Serial Master
1. Press + to install
2. After installation you should see a status Installed on this package Serial master install1.png Serial master install2.png

Configuring Modbus serial slave device

In this example we are going to be using our Windows 10 computer as a slave. To do so you will need to install modRSsim application, which you can download here.

When you are done with that, open the app and apply the following configuration.

Networking rut955 configuration modbus serial 1 v1.png

  1. Select Protocol (MODBUS RS-232).
  2. Click Setup the communication Serial or TCP/IP port.

Networking rut955 configuration modbus serial 2 v1.png

  1. Select the Port which you connected RS232 cable to (to find which port you are using go to Windows search bar and write Device Manager then select Ports and see which one you are using).
  2. Select Parity (Even).
  3. Click OK.

Configuring Modbus serial master

Open router’s WebUI, navigate to Services > Modbus > Modbus Serial Master and apply the following configuration.

Modbus serial rut955 1.png

  1. Press Enable.
  2. Select Baud rate (9600, it must match slave‘s baud rate).
  3. Select Parity (Even).
  4. Press Save.

Now create RS232 slave by writing a name, pressing Add button. It should appear like in the example and then press Edit.

Modbus serial rut955 2.png

Then apply the following configuration.

Modbus serial rut955 3.png

Modbus serial rut955 4.png

  1. Check Enable.
  2. Type in desired Name.
  3. Type in Slave ID (any number from 1 to 255).
  4. Write a name for a new request.
  5. Add new request by clicking ADD.
  6. Select data type.
  7. Select Function (Read holding registers (3)).
  8. Write First register (1) and Write Register count (10).
  9. Enable the request and you can test it through request configuration testing.
  10. Press Save.

Modbus data to server

Creating server

In order to test the functionality, you will need to set up a server (you can run a server on the same computer you use as a slave simulator).

There are many ways how you can create a server to which Modbus will send data to. In this example we are going to be using Windows 10 computer and Hercules app, which you can download here, to create a test server. Download, install the app and apply the configuration below:

Modbus serial rut955 5.png

  1. Select TCP Server tab.
  2. Enter Port (In this example default 80 is used).
  3. Click Listen

And that is it, now you will be able to see the data coming from Modbus in the Received data section.

RUT Modbus data to server configuration

In order to setup your router to send Modbus data to server you will need to navigate to Services > Data to Server , create a "NEW COLLECTION NAME" and press ADD to add a new instance.

Modbus serial 1.png

Modbus serial 1-4.png

Modbus serial 5.png

Modbus serial 6-8.png

  1. Select Type: Modbus
  2. Select Format Type: Custom
  3. Enter desired format string
  5. In this configuration window, you can leave the settings as default and click "NEXT: SERVER CONFIGURATION"
  6. Select Type: HTTP
  7. Enter Server address
  8. Click "SAVE & APPLY"

Receiving data

Open Hercules again, press Listen and you should start receiving Modbus Data messages.

Modbus serial rut955 9.png

Try to change some data in the Modbus Slave simulator.

Modbus serial rut955 10.png

Received data should change.

Modbus serial rut955 11.png

Slave alarms

In order to setup the following configuration SIM card is required.

Go back to Services > Modbus > Modbus Serial Master' and press edit the same Slave configuration or create a new one. There will be section called Alarms Configuration. Create a name, then press Add button. When it appears like in the example, press Edit.

Modbus serial rut955 12.png

Then apply the following configuration:

Modbus serial rut955 13.png

  1. Enable instance.
  2. Select Function (Read Holding Registers).
  3. Write Register (1).
  4. Select Condition (More than).
  5. Write Value (10).
  6. Select Action frequency (First trigger)
  7. Select Action (SMS).
  8. Create Message (type anything you want to receive).
  9. Write Phone number (the number you want to receive the messages to).
  10. Press Save.

Now go back to Modbus slave simulator and edit this window:

Modbus serial rut955 14.png

Change the value to anything below 10, you should not receive messages. Then change the value to anything above 10, you should start receiving messages.

Modbus serial rut955 15.png