Overlapping subnets with IPsec solution

From Teltonika Networks Wiki

Introduction[edit | edit source]

This article provides an extensive configuration example with details on how to solve overlapping subnets when using IPsec.

Configuration overview and prerequisites[edit | edit source]

Prerequisites:

  • Two RUTxxx routers of any type (excluding RUT850)
  • A SIM card with a Public Static or Public Dynamic IP address for the IPsec server
  • An end device (PC, Laptop, Tablet, Smartphone) to configure the routers

Configuration scheme:

Configuration examples ipsec subnet overlapping.png

Router configuration[edit | edit source]

If you have familiarized yourself with the configuration scheme and have all of the devices in order, we can start configuring the routers using instructions provided in this section.

Basic tunnel[edit | edit source]


First of, lets configure a simple connection between two IPsec instances, i.e., RUT1 and RUT2.

RUT1 configuration[edit | edit source]


IPsec1 config.png Ipsec2 config.png

  1. Enable instance.
  2. Remote endpoint (Only one side of IPsec needs to have it configured)
  3. Write Pre shared key(a shared password used for authentication between the peers. The value of this field must match on both instances).
  4. Select Type to tunnel
  5. Write Local subnet (an IP address/Subnet mask of the router on which the IPsec instance is configured).
  6. Write Remote subnet

RUT2 configuration[edit | edit source]


Ipsec3 config Overlapping subnets solution example .png Ipsec4 config Overlapping subnets solution example .png

  1. Enable instance.
  2. Add Remote endpoint
  3. Write Pre shared key (a shared password used for authentication between the peers. The value of this field must match on both instances).
  4. Select Type to tunnel
  5. Write Local subnet (an IP address/Subnet mask of the router on which the IPsec instance is configured).
  6. Write Remote subnet

Check IPsec tunnel status[edit | edit source]


If you've followed all the steps presented above, your configuration should be finished. But as with any other configuration, it is always wise to test the setup in order to make sure that it works properly. This can be verified by running ipsec status command in RUT CLI, you should see tunnel being installed between virtual networks:

root@Teltonika-RUTX12:~# ipsec status
Security Associations (1 up, 0 connecting):
ipsec-ipsec_c[1]: ESTABLISHED 32 MINUTES AGO, 192.168.2.124[192.168.2.124]...192.168.2.145[192.168.2.145]
ipsec-ipsec_c{1}:  INSTALLED, TUNNEL, reqid 1, ESP SPIs: ca6d4767_i c3f5534b_o
ipsec-ipsec_c{1}:   192.168.3.0/24 === 192.168.4.0/24

Firewall configuration[edit | edit source]

After establishing IPsec tunnel it's necessary to map LAN network IP addresses to virtual IPsec network addresses, for this we'll use iptables NETMAP target. Insert these IPtables rules into WebUI -> Network -> Firewall -> Custom rules.

Custom rules for overlapping subnets.png

RUT1 Firewall configuration[edit | edit source]


iptables -t nat -I POSTROUTING -s 192.168.1.0/24 -d 192.168.4.0/24 -j NETMAP --to 192.168.3.0/24
iptables -t nat -I PREROUTING -s 192.168.4.0/24 -j NETMAP --to 192.168.1.0/24

RUT2 Firewall configuration[edit | edit source]


iptables -t nat -I POSTROUTING -s 192.168.1.0/24 -d 192.168.3.0/24 -j NETMAP --to 192.168.4.0/24
iptables -t nat -I PREROUTING -s 192.168.3.0/24 -j NETMAP --to 192.168.1.0/24

POSTROUTING rule checks if outgoing packet destination IP belongs to remote IPsec virtual IP range, if yes, it will change packet source IP from LAN IP to virtual IPsec IP. PREROUTING rule checks if incoming packet source IP belongs to remote IPsec virtual IP range, if yes, it will change incoming packet destination IP from virtual IPsec IP to LAN IP.

Now LAN to LAN communication should be possible between end devices but to enable RUT to RUT communication additionally it'll be needed to install route on each device.

Routing update[edit | edit source]


To have permanent static route navigate to WebUI -> Network -> Routing -> Advanced static routes. Add new routing table and insert static route where:

  • Interface is LAN
  • Target is remote IPsec virtual network
  • Gateway is LAN IP

Table route overlapping subnets solution example.png Then create IP rule and specify lookup table.

Routing rule overlapping subnets solution example.png